Enter pairs of scores in SPSS using the data editor. Enter each subject’s scores on a single row. If you only had two variable, enter one variable in the first column and the other variable in the second column. Once the data are entered, select **Correlate** from the **Analyze** tab and select **Bivariate** from the **Correlate** options.

A dialog box will appear listing your variables. In this example, we have two variables. Most data files would contain a range of variables. Click on the first variable in the dialog box that you wish to include in your correlation analysis and press the **–>** to move it into the **Variables** box. You could also double click on the variable name to move it into the **Variable** box.

Once you have moved the two variables you wish to analyze to the Variables box, click on **OK**. By default, the system has selected Pearson and two-tailed significance.

Your output will appear in a separate window. The output shows Pearson’s correlation coefficient (*r*=.988), the two-tailed statistical significance (.000 — SPSS does not show values below .001. In actuality, there is always a chance of error, so you should report the value as* p*<.001 if SPSS reports .000), and the number of pairs (*N*=9).

Del Siegle, Ph.D.

Neag School of Education – University of Connecticut

del.siegle@uconn.edu

www.delsiegle.com

Updated 9/3.2015